pre-tiki

The Lead Up to the Tiki Era...

The Beginning of the Cocktail…

The very beginning of the cocktail takes us back to the Year 1806 where a gentleman by the name of Frederic Tudor would play a key role in the creation of the cocktail.  All cocktails contain a key ingredient – ice!  It would be impossible to create a cocktail without the use of ice, and without it, we would be left with either a warm or a room temperature beverage at best – neither are appealing on a hot day!

After being inspired by ice cream at a picnic, An American Entrepreneur by the name of Frederic Tudor created a business where he would harvest ice in Massachusetts and ship it worldwide.  He struggled in the first 10 years of business, largely due to the ice melting wherever it was shipped, but he caught his stride when he was able to improve his ship’s insulation to keep the ice from melting.  He was then able to successfully deliver ice as far as Calcutta, India, which took 4 months for the ice to arrive.

Frederic_Tudor-facingright_pre1864.jpg

The Invention of the Cocktail…

With ice readily available, another American gentleman by the name of Jerry Thomas wrote the very first cocktail recipe book “Bar-Tender’s Guide” in 1862 with numerous recipes for punch, juleps, sours, and more!  It listed 236 cocktail recipes, alongside recipes for liquors, cordials, and syrups. He owned multiple saloons throughout New York City and is considered by many as the father of American mixology.  These were the original “cocktail” recipes and would later be evolved into the modern cocktails we know today, such as the Sazerac and the Manhattan.

260px-JerryThomas01.jpg

Prohibition...

Starting in 1919 across the U.S.A., it became illegal to purchase or consume alcohol. Alcohol became illegal as the government believed alcohol was responsible for numerous problems with society.  The alcohol industry took a huge hit as it put many distilleries out of business who had worked hard on perfecting their craft.  With those distilleries put out of business, what was left was extremely unrefined alcohol, however, this would leave underground bartenders to come up with creative ways to disguise the horrid taste with juices and syrups, which would end up creating numerous cocktails over the years.  Prohibition ended in 1933 in the U.S.A., where a new wave of business would start with the creation of the Tiki bars. (A lesser-known fact: Prohibition lasted from 1918 to 1920 in Canada!)

R721d221b7dd9c224d15e19958076fd72.jpg

Final Thoughts…

The events leading up to Tiki Bars can even be traced as far back as 9000-7000 BC from the ancient Egyptians, where ancient Egyptians would create beer and wine for use in their civilization.  From there, to Frederic Tutor, to Jerry Thomas, and then to Prohibition, each step led closer and closer to the beginning of the Tiki Era.

tikijon.png